International Women’s Day- 8 March 2023

International Women’s Day, on March 8,  is celebrated as a celebration to celebrate the relativity of women’s economic, political, and social achievements and difficulties, while expressing love, respect, and appreciation towards women in different regions of the world Every year.

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Women are an important part of society but with time women have become an important part of society and nation-building. When the women were limited by their families and moved out of the four walls and moved to other areas, they started getting unprecedented success. From the world of sports to entertainment, and from politics to the military and defense ministry, women are not only involved but occupy major roles.

International Women’s Day- flashback

A German poster depicting International Women’s Day, 8 March 1914;

International women's day
International women’s day

English translation: “Give us women the right to vote. Women’s Day, 8 March 1914. So far, discrimination and reactionary attitudes have denied full civil rights to women who have faithfully performed their duties as workers, mothers, and citizens and who have to pay taxes to the municipality as well as the state. have to pay. Every woman should fight for this natural human right with firm and unwavering determination. No pause or rest is allowed in this fight. Come all women and girls, join the 9th Women’s Assembly on Sunday, March 8, 1914, at 3 p.m.”

International Women’s Day is celebrated for the political and social upliftment of women with a political and human rights. It’s theme selected by the United Nations. Many people celebrate this day by wearing purple ribbons. This day was first of all organized in New York City in 1909 as a socialist political event. In 1917, the Soviet Union declared the day a national holiday, and it spread to other nearby countries. It is now also celebrated in almost worldwide.

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History of International Women’s Day

International women's day
International women’s day

The day was first celebrated on 28 February 1909, at the call of the Socialist Party in America. After this it started being celebrated on the last Sunday of February. International Women’s Day was given international status in 1910 at the Copenhagen Conference of the Socialist International. At that time, its main goal was to get women the right to vote, because at that time women did not have the right to vote in many countries.

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In 1917, the women of Russia decided to go on strike for bread and clothes on Women’s Day. This strike was also historic. The Tsar abdicated, the Provisional Government gave women the right to vote. At that time the Julian calendar followed in Russia and the Gregorian calendar in the rest of the world. There is some difference between these two dates. According to the Julian calendar, the last Sunday of February in 1917 was 23 February, while according to the Gregorian calendar that day was 8 March. At this time the Gregorian calendar runs all over the world (even in Russia). That is why March 8 was celebrated as Women’s Day.

Thanks to the vigorous efforts of the famous German activist Clara Zetkin, the International Socialist Congress agreed to the International nature of Women’s Day in the year 1910 and the public holiday on this day. As a result, on March 19, 1911, the first IWD was held in Austria, Denmark and Germany. However, the date of Women’s Day was changed to March 8 in the year 1921. Since then, Women’s Day is celebrated all over the world on March 8 only.

International women's day
International women’s day

Official United Nations Themes for International Women’s Day of years

Sr. No.YEARTheme of IWD by UN
1.1996Celebrating the Past, Planning for the Future
2.1997Women and Peace
3.1998Women and Human Rights
4.1999A World Free of Violence Against Women
5.2000Women Uniting for Peace
6.2001Women and Peace: Managing Women’s Conflict
7.2002Today Afghan Women: Reality and Opportunities
8.2003Gender Equality and the Millennium Development Goals
9.2004Women and HIV/AIDS
10.2005Gender Equality Beyond 2005 ; Building a more secure future
11.2006Women in decision-making
12.2007Ending violence against women and girls
13.2008Investing in women and girls
14.2009Women and men uniting to end violence against women and girls
15.2010Equal rights, equal opportunities: progress for all
16.2011Education, training and science and technology Equal Access: A Path to Women’s Betterment
17.2012Empowering Rural Women, Ending Poverty and Hunger
18.2013 Make a Promise, Make a Promise: Time for Action to End Violence Against Women
19.2014Equality for Women is Progress for All
20.2015Empowering Women is Humanity Empowerment: imagine it!
21.2016Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step up for gender equality.
22.2017Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50- 50 by 2030.
23.2018Time is Now: Rural and Urban Activists Transforming Women’s Lives
24.2019Think Equal, Build Smart, Innovate for Change
25.2020I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights.
26.2021Women in Leadership; Achieving a common future in a post-COVID-19 world
27.2022Gender Equality Today for a Sustainable Tomorrow’
28.2023DigitALL : Innovation and technology for gender equality.  #EmbraceEquity
29.2024    Wait…..
Themes of International Women’s Day


In some countries, such as Cameroon, Croatia, Romania, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria and Chile, the day is not a public holiday, although it is still widely celebrated. On this day men often give flowers or some gifts to the women present in their lives like friends, mothers, wives, girlfriends, daughters, colleagues etc. In some countries (such as Bulgaria and Romania) the day is celebrated as Mother’s Day, where children also give gifts to their mothers and grandmothers.

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International Women’s Day is celebrated with the aim of increasing this participation of women and making women aware of their rights and improving their lives. Every year on March 8, programs are organized on the occasion of Women’s Day in all the countries of the world. But do you know when and where the celebration of International Women’s Day started? Why is International Women’s Day celebrated only on March 8 and what is the theme of this year? To Know the history of Women’s Day in this article go ahead.

Purpose and importance of International Women’s day

Even though today all the countries of the world and our society are more aware, but the fight for the rights and rights of women is still going on. In many cases women have not got equal respect and rights even today. International Women’s Day is celebrated every year with the aim of making the society aware of these rights and respect for women.

The colors of Women’s Day

 The colors of Women’s Day are-

  1. Purple,
  2. Green &
  3. White.

Purple color is a symbol of justice and dignity. Green color symbolizes hope and white color purity.

Why is International Women’s Day celebrated on 8 March?

On March 8, women in America took out a march for their rights. After which next year the Socialist Party announced to celebrate Women’s Day on this day. At the same time, during the First World War in 1917, the women of Russia started a strike for bread and peace. They should also keep their demands and views regarding the war. After this Emperor Nicholas abdicated his post and women got the right to vote. Seeing the rights they got, women in Europe also took out rallies a few days later on March 8, supporting peace activists. For this reason, the celebration of International Women’s Day started on 8 March. Later in 1975, the United Nations recognized International Women’s Day.

When did International women’s day start?

There was a labor movement in America in 1908, in which a large number of working women participated. About 15,000 women raised their voice for their rights while marching on the streets of New York. The demand of working women was that their working hours should be reduced and the pay scale should also be increased. Women also demanded the right to vote. When the loud voice of such a large number of women regarding their rights fell in the ears of the then government, then in 1909, a year after the movement, the Socialist Party of America announced to celebrate Women’s Day.

What is the theme of International Women’s Day 2023?

The theme of International Women’s Day 2023 is “DigitALL : Innovation and technology for gender equality.

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