International Mother Language Day 2023 @21 February

International Mother Language Day 2023 @21 February: International Mother Language Day is celebrated on 21 February. UNESCO approved  Matribhasha Diwas on 17 November 1999 First time.

History Behind International Mother Language Day

 In 1948, Dhirendra Nath Dutta of East Pakistan demanded in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan that Bengali be at least one national language apart from Urdu. There were several protests to do so, however, the government of Pakistan outlawed public meetings and rallies to quell these protests. After this, the students of Dhaka University, along with the general public, organized huge rallies and meetings. The police also opened fire on these rallies.

International Mother Language Day 2023
International Mother Language Day 2023

Much after Bangladesh came into existence, Rafiqul Islam’s resolution was introduced in the Parliament of Bangladesh. Martyr’s Memorial located at Shaheed Minar, Dhaka Medical College Campus, Bangladesh, commemorates the sacrifice made for the Bangla (Bengali) language on 21 February 1952. Bangladeshi People celebrate the 21st February by visiting the Shaheed Minar, the monument built in memory of the martyrs and its replicas, to express their deep sorrow and express their respect.

Official name International Mother Language Day Objective To promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. Date 21 February Frequency Annual.

The purpose of celebrating International Mother Language day is to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism in the world.

The declaration of International Mother Language Day by UNESCO gave international recognition to the Language Movement Day of Bangladesh, which has been celebrated in Bangladesh since 1952. 21 February is a national holiday in Bangladesh.

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2008 was delayered, as the International Year of Languages, the United Nations General Assembly reiterated the importance of International Mother Language Day.

International Mother Language Day was started by UNESCO on 17 November 1999 and was celebrated for the first time in the year 2000 as International Mother Language Day. Later in 2002, the United Nations General Assembly formally recognized it with the adoption of UN resolution 56/262. This day is celebrated all over the world to promote, preserve and protect the attachment of languages ​​within people.

International Mother Language Day: 21 February

Importance of mother tongue (Matrubhasha Divas)

Your Mother Language is not only the language of communication, but it is also your identity. It shows the world “Who are you?”. The actual identity of a person depends on various factors, the four major factors being designation, residence, relationship, and language. There can be a thousand persons with the same name. But, these are the four things that separate a person from the rest.

International Mother Language Day 2023.
International Mother Language Day 2023.

Your name is not your true and complete identity. According to various Scientific Researches, a person can learn things comparatively better in Mother Language. Learning something in Mother Language also enhances inference and debating ability. In a country like India where important subjects are mainly in English. And, most of the students just rote the terms and concepts. And, over time, it erodes their skills and knowledge.

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It is a harsh truth that currently around 80% of Indian parents cannot understand English comfortably. And hence, they cannot provide any educational guidance to their children except to pay the fees on time. , And so, they cannot give any educational guidance to their children other than paying fees on time, even if they do not know about it. Education in Mother Language makes the child more innovative and makes the nation develop.

It is very important that a person can think about a subject only when he has detailed knowledge about the subject, not otherwise. And this can be possible only with Matrubhasha mother tongue, you may find it very easy that most of the amazing inventions are from the time when the education system was in the mother tongue.

In India, the Bundelkhandi language is spoken in a large area of ​​Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in Bundelkhand and although there are many speakers of it, children are getting attached to other languages, so necessary action should be taken for this and efforts should be made for the upgradation of Bundelkhandi language and It is necessary to try to speak for official purposes. India is a country of cultural and language diversity. In India, there are 22 constitutional languages. There are a lot of Mother Languages are spoken in India like-

  • Assamese
  • Bengali
  • Bodo
  • Dogri
  • Gujarati
  • Kannada
  • cashmere
  • Konkani
  • Maithili
  • Malayalam
  • flag
  • Meitei
  • Nepali
  • Oriya
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
  • Santali
  • Sindhi
  • Tamil
  • Telugu
  • Urdu

Time series of International Mother Language Day

Sr. No. DateEvent
1.17 November 1999UNESCO Approved
2.2000Inaugural celebration of International Mother Language Day
3.20012nd Annual Festival
4.2002Language diversity: 3000 languages ​​at risk (slogan: In a galaxy of languages, every word is a star)
5.2003Fourth Annual Festival
6.2004Education for children to know
7.2005Sign in Braille and other languages
8.20061. Languages ​​and Cyberspace


2. International Mother Language Day Memorial, Ashfield Park, Sydney, Australia. Unveiling Ceremony, 19 February 2006

9.2007Multilingual Education
10.2008International Year of Languages
11.200910th Annual Celebration
12.2010International Year for a Culture of Friendship
13.2011Information and Communication Technology
14.2012Mother Tongue Education and Inclusive Education
15.2013Books for Education in Mother Tongue
16.2014Emphasis on local languages ​​and science for global citizenship
17.2015Inclusion in Education through Education : Language Matters (Event in Paris)
18.2016Quality Education, Language of Instruction and Learning Outcomes
19.2017Towards a sustainable future through multilingual education
20.2018The theme of this year is – ‘Our language is our wealth’
21.2019The theme of the year is – Indigenous Languages matter for development, peacebuilding and reconciliation.
22.2020The theme of the year is- Languages without borders
23.2021The theme of the year is- Fostering multilingualism for inclusion in education and society.
24.2022Theme of the year- Using Technology for Multilingual Education: Challenges and Opportunities
25.2023Theme of the year- Multilingual Education – The need to transform education
Time line of International mother language day

Few most Important facts about International Mother Language Day

  • The Linguapax Prize is presented annually on the occasion of International Mother Language Day.
  • UNESCO sets the theme for each International Mother Language Day and holds related events for its headquarters in Paris around February 21.
  • In 2008, the International Year of Languages ​​was formally launched on the occasion of International Mother Language Day.
  • What is the reason behind the theme, to know the strings and contribution related to the life of the language
  • Language is the thread that binds everyone to each other. To increase the strength of this thread, International Mother Language Day is celebrated every year on the 21st of February. Language has an important role in human life. Through language, one person communicates the thoughts of another person. Different languages ​​are spoken in many countries, states, towns, and regions around the world. Somewhere the style of religious language is different, and somewhere the tone of the conversation is different. But despite this, every language is the most important means to communicate with people.
  • Different languages ​​are spoken by different castes, religions, sects, and different places around the world. In the fold of these diversities, such unity and equality are spread, which connects everyone. Language is the mirror through which the culture and civilization of a person are reflected. International Mother Language Day is celebrated to increase awareness about the cultural diversity and importance of different languages so that people not only develop affection for their own and other languages but also know about different mother languages. Different languages ​​connect different cultures. Due to this the personality of the communicator develops.

    Mother Tongue 2022 Theme: Using Technology for Multilingual Education

    In 2022, the theme has been kept to celebrate International Mother Language Day, ‘Using Technology for Multilingual Education: Challenges and Opportunities’ Our childhood environment determines our languages. Where we grow up, that becomes our mother tongue. According to a United Nations report, 6000 languages ​​are spoken around the world, out of which about 2680 languages ​​i.e. 43 percent are on the verge of extinction.
  • In modern times, the entry of the digital world into human life has increased rapidly, due to which cultural and old languages ​​are rapidly becoming extinct. Let us tell you that every month about 2 languages ​​are disappearing from all over the world. The theme of International Mother Language Day 2022 was ‘Using Technology for Multilingual Education: Challenges and Opportunities’ to save cultural and intellectual heritage.

What is the theme of International Mother Language Day 2023?

The theme of International Mother Language Day 2023 is-  “Multilingual Education – The need to transform education” 

Which Organization create the theme for international mother language day?

The theme for international mother language day created by UNESCO.

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